Total iron regain high iron prices or pricing of limited income 三猪在线wap浏览器

Total iron regain high iron prices or pricing of limited income total iron high iron and high iron regain pricing pricing or limited market reform and promote investment Wang Ziyue independent pricing is more important is the reform of the railway will drive slowly. After the realization of the price fluctuation, the discourse power and railway settlement system which is criticized by the public capital will gradually improve.] in the third years of the implementation of the company’s railway operation, the railway passenger ticket price which has not changed for 20 years has ushered in the autonomous pricing of high-speed rail cars. Recently, the national development and Reform Commission price department issued the "national development and Reform Commission on the reform and improvement of EMU passenger ticket policy notice" (hereinafter referred to as "notice"). From the beginning of January 1st this year, the national development and Reform Commission released EMU high-speed rail fares by Chinese Railway Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the total iron) independent pricing. The first financial daily was informed by the general manager of the iron and steel company. At present, the specific principles, such as the principle, details and timetable of the fare adjustment, have not yet been decided. Price adjustment, including floating and declining, will be adjusted more according to the supply and demand situation, while the market operation will also consider the characteristics of certain public products of the railway. Market analysis suggests that the long-term losses of railway transport, especially passenger transport, have contributed to the arrival of autonomous pricing. Close to iron general to this part of the newspaper confirmed this speculation. This personage expresses, long-term loss and capacity supply and demand uncoordinated is indeed the existence of problems, but from the current transport cost and the actual price point of view, the price change can achieve a modest increase in revenue, more is to promote market-oriented reform. Pricing power is one of the core rights in the railway field. With the gradual liberalization of pricing power, the marketization of the railway will develop faster. Local railway bureau also told the newspaper, for a long time, pricing power and discourse power is an important factor in the difficulty of railway investment, the loosening of pricing power plays an important role in attracting external capital. Supply and demand will become an important determinant of fares. After independent pricing, what is the most likely change in the price of high-speed rail motor cars? Reporters interviewed people generally believe that supply and demand relations will become an important factor affecting the price float. Under this principle, the most popular routes along the southeast coast are likely to rise in price, while some unpopular lines will be more obvious discounts. After independent pricing, the floating mode of price is also one of the focuses of the market. According to the notice, the railway transport enterprises to develop high-speed rail EMU one or two seat fare, shall be formulated without discount ticket fare; at the same time, according to the competition situation, passenger transport market capacity and demand characteristics of the implementation of a certain discount, determine the actual execution price; in addition, published fare and actual execution tickets to inform passengers through the network and the ticket window in a timely manner, shall be 30 days in advance ticket fare adjustment announcement. Industry analysts believe that such a description is similar to the current price mechanism of China’s civil aviation, that is, the iron total independent set a high limit of the benchmark price, and then according to each line of cold and hot conditions, the specific implementation of different discount prices. Under this background and rules, the benchmark price of iron autonomy in the future is likely to be higher than the current unified price stipulated by the NDRC, and then according to the supply theory

铁总夺回高铁定价权 涨价或对增收效用有限   铁总 夺回高铁 定价权   高铁自主定价涨幅有限 市场化改革促引资   王子约   [自主定价更为重要的意义是将带动目前铁路缓慢的体制改革。在价格浮动实现以后,饱受民资诟病的话语权和铁路清算体系将逐步改善]   在铁路实行公司化运作的第三年,20年未曾改变的铁路客运票价迎来高铁动车的自主定价。近日,国家发改委价格司下发《国家发展改革委关于改革完善高铁动车组旅客票价政策的通知》(下称“通知”)。从今年1月1日开始,国家发改委放开高铁动车票价,改由中国铁路总公司(下称“铁总”)自主定价。   《第一财经日报》从铁总人士处获悉,目前票价调整的原则、细节、时间表等具体方案还没有最终决定。调价包括上浮和下降,将更多地根据供需情况来调整,在市场化运作的同时也会考虑铁路一定的公共产品特性。   有市场分析认为铁路运输,特别是客运的长期亏损促成了自主定价的到来。接近铁总人士向本报部分证实了这种猜测。这名人士表示,长期的亏损和运力供需不协调确实是存在的问题,但从目前的运力成本和实际售价来看,价改能实现的收益提升幅度有限,更多的则是推进市场化改革。   定价权是铁路领域的核心权益之一,随着定价权的逐步放开,铁路的市场化会发展更快。地方铁路局人士还告诉本报,长期以来定价权和话语权是铁路引资难一个重要的因素,定价权的松动对于吸引外部资本有着重要的作用。   供需将成票价重要决定因素   自主定价之后,高铁动车票价最有可能出现什么变化?记者采访的多名人士普遍认为,供需关系将成为影响票价浮动的重要因素。在这一原则下,东南沿海的热门线路最有可能涨价,而一些冷门线路将出现比较明显的折扣。   自主定价后,价格的浮动方式也是市场关心的焦点之一。根据通知,铁路运输企业制定高铁动车组一、二等座票价时,应当制定无折扣的公布票价;同时,可根据运输市场竞争状况、旅客承受能力和需求特点等实行一定折扣,确定实际执行票价;此外,公布票价和实际执行票价要及时通过网络和售票窗口告知旅客,调整公布票价应当提前30天对外公告。   业内分析认为,这样的描述类似于目前中国民航的价格机制,即由铁总自主制定一个高限的基准价格,然后根据各条线路的冷热情况,具体实行不同的折扣价格。   在这一背景和规则下,未来铁总“自主”制定的基准价格很可能高于目前由发改委规定的统一价格,然后再根据供需来进行不同的折扣处理。   多年的亏损和供需紧张使得客运价格松动已经不意外,这不仅是铁路公司化运营后进一步市场化的需要,也是国家战略部署的一环。   去年发布的《中共中央、国务院关于推进价格机制改革的若干意见》明确提出,要健全交通运输价格机制,逐步放开铁路运输竞争性领域价格。   上述意见还提出,逐步放开铁路运输竞争性领域价格,扩大由经营者自主定价的范围;完善铁路货运与公路挂钩的价格动态调整机制,简化运价结构;构建以列车运行速度和等级为基础、体现服务质量差异的旅客运输票价体系。逐步扩大道路客运、民航国内航线客运、港口经营等领域由经营者自主定价的范围,适时放开竞争性领域价格,完善价格收费规则。   包括北京交通大学经管学院教授赵坚、同济大学教授孙章等专家均认为,在多样充分的市场竞争和有关部门的监管下,铁路票价上浮空间有限,不会无限制地上涨。   部分货运价格或现下浮   多年以来,由于公益性等多种原因,铁路大部分客运线路常年处于亏损状态。在此背景下,货运就成为铁路系统的主要创收渠道之一。   本报记者之前获得的数据显示,铁路系统超过七成的利润均由货运创造。不仅如此,由于效益较好,货运线路也是民资较愿意进入的领域,因此货运价格更为牵动市场的神经。   近年来,铁路的货运价格改革一直走在各项价改的前列,也是波动较为频繁的领域。在去年货运价格再次调整后,铁路货运近11年来已经第十次上调价格(2010年未调整)。   尽管连续11年货运都是涨价,但在整体经济下行压力较大,特别是传统行业萎缩明显的背景下,业内认为今年的货运价格可能出现下调。   国家发改委1月26日公布的数据显示,2015年,全国铁路累计完成货运量33.6亿吨,同比下降11.9%。有媒体援引内部人士话语称,这一数据已经跌回到2010年前的水平,差不多是2009年那个数。   此外,随着准池、蒙冀铁路的开通,原来的运输通道“大准―大秦铁路”和“神朔―大秦铁路”的运价优势被削弱。类似的网路变化使得一些地区煤炭外运路线选择更趋多元化,发货人的选择更加灵活。   业内由此推测,铁路运力过剩逼迫各线路的定价机制趋向灵活,适当优惠和量大优惠成为铁路部门的新举措。   据媒体报道,一些地方铁路局在2015年末推出了针对煤炭的优惠政策。煤炭分析师曾浩表示,煤炭铁路运费下调是一个大趋势。如果2016年的经济下行趋势不改,煤炭运费的下调是大概率事件。   价格手段对增收效用有限   铁路的高额债务和大面积亏损被认为是自主定价的重要原因。由于运力成本的不断攀升,铁总入不敷出现象更加明显。官方公布的数据显示,2015年前三季度,铁总已巨亏近百亿,第四季度亦扭亏困难,2015年成为铁总2013年成立以来首个亏损年。   但在分析人士看来,提价并不能为铁路增收带来明显的效用。客运方面,在竞争和监管的背景下,提价空间和范围不会太大,而承担着盈利主要任务的货运提价也同样有限。   例如,去年国家铁路货物统一运价平均每吨公里提高1分钱。铁总公布的数据显示,近几年国内铁路线完成货运周转量大约3万亿吨公里,其中国家铁路线完成量占到90%以上。按此粗略估算,此次铁路货运价格每吨公里上调1分,将使铁总增收约200亿元。   许多从业人士和分析者都认为,尽管创收幅度有限,但价改对于盘活整个铁路运作有着重要的作用。一方面,上调价格无疑会提振外部投资者的投资信心,为铁路引资带来新的动力。另一方面,自主定价的缺口打开以后,整个系统会逐步实现更灵活、更市场化的价格制定,对于激发铁路活力、集约化使用资源有着重要的作用。   在前述接近铁总人士看来,自主定价更为重要的意义是将带动目前铁路缓慢的体制改革。在价格浮动实现以后,饱受民资诟病的话语权和铁路清算体系将逐步改善,这对于已经成为中国经济重要拉动力的铁路来说,有着非凡的意义。 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: