Struggle History Of Appalachian Coal For Existing-kisstudou

Networking Coal mining in Appalachia has survived deadly explosions, the Great Depression and the countrys largest armed insurrection since the Civil War. The latest threat is booming shale-gas production. U.S. power utilities are favouring natural gas, which is trading at its cheapest in a decade as hydraulic fracturing opens up previously inaccessible reserves. Consumption of coal to generate electricity will fall 5% in 2012 to less than 900 million tons, a 16-year low, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Mining companies in Appalachia, an area covering 12 eastern states and home to 85% of U.S. coal mines, have cut at least 21 million tons of production this year, according to Doyle Trading Consultants in New York. The industry needs to curtail about another 90 million tons nationwide, with the lions share coming from Appalachia, to stem losses, according to CRT Capital Group LLC. Alpha Natural Resources Inc. and James River Coal Co., which mine in the region, have fallen 18% and 12% respectively this year. A lot of the marginal producers in Appalachia that were able to hang on in 2009 are in a much worse situation today, Kuni Chen, an analyst with CRT in Connecticut, said in an interview. Average operating costs now exceed coal prices for the first time in three years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg Industries. Appalachian coal, the U.S. benchmark grade, fell 28% in the past 12 months. Coal futures closed 0.4% lower at US$61.75 a ton on the New York Mercantile Exchange Tuesday. Rising Costs So-called mining cash costs in the region climbed 9.2% to US$60.28 a ton in 2011, according to data compiled by Bloomberg Industries. Gas futures in New York have tumbled 51% in the same period. Gas inventories were 51% above their five-year average on March 9 as surging production combined with the warmest winter in 10 years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg Industries. For U.S. power utilities, who consumed 90% of the countrys coal production in 2010, the prospect of relatively cheaper gas supplies now and in the foreseeable future has pushed them to switch some of their generation to gas-burning plants from units that use coal. Gas for April delivery fell 0.8% to US$2.317 per million British thermal units at 9:45 a.m. in New York. Gas futures traded at US$2.204 per million Btu on March 13, the lowest intraday price since Feb. 15, 2002. Gas is down 22% in 2012, the worst performer on the Standard & Poors GSCI Commodity Index.As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as Portable crusher Vibrating feeder , Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service.China vibrating Cement rotary kiln..hxjqchina../product-list_38.html About the Author: 相关的主题文章: